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Test Prep 4th Grade Science
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This is a school research project about an explorer called Ernest Shackleton, a Brisih Explorer that explored Antarctic in the early 1900s.
This research will answer the follwoing questions
Who is he?
Where was he born?
who were his parents?
Where did he go to school?
How did he become famous?
What was his family like?
What did he explore?
How did they dress for this cold expedition?
What did the ships look like?
What does the map of the south pole look like?
What did he look like?
You can find answers to each of them here
was led by Robert Falcon Scott with the purpose of undertaking scientific research and exploration along the coast of the Ross Sea in Antarctica. He was sent home half way from the expedition due to differences with Scott.
The aim was the conquest of both the geographical South Pole and the South Magnetic Pole. Shackleton worked hard to raise money for this expedition at that time as secretary of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society.
The South Pole was not attained, but on 9 January 1909 Shackleton and three companions reached a new farthest south latitude of 88° 23' S, a point only 112 miles (180 km) from the Pole.
The South Pole party also discovered the Beardmore Glacier route (named after Shackleton's patron) to the South Polar Plateau, and were the first persons to set foot on the plateau.
The expedition's other accomplishments included the first ascent of Mount Erebus, and a journey to the approximate location of the South Magnetic Pole, reached on 16 January 1909 by Edgeworth David, Douglas Mawson, and Alistair MacKay.
Shackleton returned to the United Kingdom as a hero and was knighted. Soon after, he published a book about Nimrod's expedition titled The Heart of the Antarctic. Regarding the failure to reach the South Pole, Shackleton remarked to his wife: "Better a live donkey than a dead lion."
which would carry the British flag across the continent from the Weddell Sea to the Ross Sea by way of the Pole.
Endurance capsized in icy seas and men abandoned ship. For almost two months, Shackleton and his men camped on an ice floe hoping that it would drift towards Paulet Island approximately 250 miles (400 km) away. After floating around for 4 months they used life boats to reach Elephant island in 7 days.
Elephant Island was an inhospitable place far from any shipping routes and thus a poor location to await rescue. Consequently, Shackleton felt it essential that he set out to find help immediately upon arrival, and to him, it was obvious that he must head back to South Georgia, even though it meant traversing 1,287 kilometres (800 mi) of open ocean in one of the lifeboats. The lifeboat James Caird was chosen for the trip.
The waters that Shackleton had to cross in his boat of 6.85 metres (22.5 ft) are among the most treacherous in the world.Weather reports confirm that gale-force winds of 60 kilometres per hour (37 mph) to 70 kilometres per hour (43 mph) are present in the Drake Passage between South America and Antarctica on an average of 200 days per year; they cause ocean swells of 6 metres (20 ft). After 14 days they reached South Georgia. They walked 36 miles in land and were the first people to cross those mountains. The men were stranded for 105 days before being rescued
Shackleton set out again for the Antarctic aboard Quest intending to circumnavigate Antarctica by sea. On 5 January 1922, on this expedition he suffered a fatal heart attack. He was 47.
On 9 April 1904 he married 35-year-old Emily Mary Dorman, with whom he shared a love of literature, particularly Robert Browning. The marriage produced three children.
Shackleton wrote long letters to his wife during his explorations, but also engaged in several extramarital affairs, including one with the American actress Rosalind Chetwynd.
Shackleton is most noteworthy for leading the unsuccessful Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition, often known as the "Endurance Expedition", between 1914 and 1916.
Although Shackleton failed to achieve his goal of crossing the Antarctic continent on foot, he demonstrated the qualities of leadership for which he is best remembered when the expedition ship Endurance became trapped in the ice and was destroyed.
Shackleton, known by his contemporaries as "the Boss", led his men to refuge on Elephant Island before heading across 800 miles (1,300 km) of the Southern Ocean to South Georgia, in an open boat with five other men. Upon reaching the remote island, Shackleton and two others crossed severe, mountainous terrain to reach a whaling station, from which he was able eventually to rescue his men on Elephant Island. All the men on Endurance survived their ordeal after spending 22 months in the Antarctic, although three men of the supporting Ross Sea Party lost their lives.
Shackleton was a key figure in the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration alongside Roald Amundsen, Douglas Mawson, and Robert Falcon Scott, each of whom is famed for exploits that captured the public imagination. In recent times, he has become known for his leadership skills, and is the topic of many books and films that focus on the explorer's ability to lead men through challenging conditions.
Ernest was schooled by a governess until the age of 11, when he entered Fir Lodge Preparatory School in West Hill, and was educated from ages 13 to 16 at Dulwich College, a public school for boys.
The young Shackleton did not distinguish himself as a scholar and was said to have been "bored" by his studies. In his final term at the college, however, he was able to achieve fifth place in his class of thirty-one.
Furthermore, throughout his career, Shackleton was a voracious reader, which contributed to the broadening of his horizons.
Ernest's father, Henry, and mother, Henrietta Letitia Sophia Gavan, were of English-Irish ancestry. Ernest was the second of their ten children and the first of two sons. In childhood he was described as "bright, good-natured,... and confident".
In 1880, at six years old, Ernest moved to Dublin with his father, who was studying medicine. Four years later, the family moved from Ireland to Sydenham in suburban London to seek a better income and because their Anglo-Irish ancestry made them afraid to stay in Ireland after the assassination of Lord Frederick Cavendish by Irish nationalists.
Shackleton spent the remainder of his childhood in Sydenham.
Ernest Shackleton was born on 15 February 1874, in Kilkea near Athy, County Kildare, Ireland, about 30 miles (48 km) from Dublin.
He was an Anglo-Irish explorer. Born in Kilkea, Ireland, Shackleton was a member of four Antarctic expeditions, three of which he led. After the Nimrod Expedition, 1907?09, he was knighted for his achievement in establishing a record furthest south latitude at 88°23'S, 97 nautical miles (180 km) from the South Pole.
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Image borrowed from thewildfrontier.net
Pioneer life seems cool and sad. For example they get to have stuff like their bed in their wagon. But when they leave they don't get to see their family.
I also think it is cool to have a good bye party when they leave. But on their way one of their horses could die and it could be even harder to travel in the wagon.
Pioneers can have a very hard time when they travel. They could lose there food by it falling out the wagon while their moving. But the best thing was that they still had their family while they were traveling.
But if someone got hurt there was nothing to do because there were no doctors or medicines. I feel sad when I think about pioneers becasuse if there was a pack of wolves and there was only a child and a parent and they forgot they're gone they could get hurt.
A pioneer impression - by Kavitha Komatineni, 2nd Grader
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A sample graph paper to be used for FCAT tests. Print this document to give exercises related to graph paper, points, lines, and distances.
Rounding can get confused if the number to the left of the rounding happens to be 1 or more 9s. The effect will ripple through to the left. This exercise gives examples of this scenario.
Rounding is so essential to this test, this exercise completely focusses on rounding. Completing this will give student more confidence to tackle rounding.
Table relationships, missing numbers, subtraction, elevator problem.
This test covers a) rounding b) two digit multiplication c) word problems d) missing terms e) relationship between two variables based on their tabulated data e) expanding brackets f) expressions
This test covers position values, rounding, missing terms in an equation, and basic multiplications. "Rounding" is a single theme that come the most. You want your child to nail this down in sleep.
A basic battery covering position values, equations involving parenthesis, simple additions. The theme of equations involving missing terms is a constant theme.
A brief overview of various units. It helps to look them up and read about them in a general sense while taking measurements tests. This will work as a reference for measurement tests. Print this out and read from top to bottom. You can read this either before starting the test or during the test or after the test.
Measurement review for FCAT including miles, kilometers, yards, feet, ounces.
This exercise should help in Math FCAT. FCAT seem to ask many questions related to measuring, including capacity.
This exercise covers such things as cups, gallons, and litres.
More exercises to support multiplying two numbers with ending zeroes. Remember to shift when you multiply double digits or triple digits. 4th graders could easily forget this with out practice.
multiplication by 10s, 100s, and 1000s
When you multiply a number with a 10, you just put one zero next to that number. When you multiply a number with a 100 you put two zeros next to that number. And when you do similar with a 1000 you put three zeroes and so on and so forth.
Then emphasize the idea that multiplying two numbers where there are ending zeros in both numbers.
This site is designed to showcase educational materials for students in elementary grades. You will find workbooks, references, and my writings among other things.
The homeless see nothing!
They don't see the light in their lives.
All they see is darkness through their eyes.
Shabatt is cool!
It's like I spent the whole day in the pool.
I could lie down on the sand
and listen to my favorite band.
Shabbat is cool!
I had a great time at the pool.
"Mom! Guess what! We are having a talent show in school!!" I said with excitement to Mom. "That's great honey!" she said in reply. I went down stairs to go ask my mom if I can be in the play. "Sure you can." she answered. "Yes!" I said. "So, honey what are you going to do for the talent show?", Mom asked. I wasn't sure at the time. Should I sing, dance, or act. Finally I figured out what to do. "I know I'll dance!" I told her with excitement.
My Mom was very happy for me. When I arrived at school the next day I told all of my friends that I'm goinhg to be in the talent show. All of my friends were happy for me.. "Why are you doing a dance?" One of my friends asked me. I told them I am doing a dance because I have been dancing for 7 years. Also because on my Mom's side of the family we all like to dance and we always dance on special occasions.
At the end of the day I went back home and started working on my dance. "Left, right, left, right." "Yes, I'got it" I said with excitement. The very next day I had the talent show.
I was up next. "Here comes Kavitha dancing to Rockstar!" When Kavitha was done many many people were clapping. After the show they announced the winners. "The winner is Kavitha." they said. I ran up there and took my prie. The prize was you get to be in a movie with Corbin Bleu, the Rock and one celebrity that you want to be in the movie.
"Mom, I won!" I yelled so happy. Finally, the best part was I get to skip the rest of school just to go to Hwaii and shoot a movie! Bye, have fun I know I will.
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